THE OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSIDERATIONS IN AQUACULTURE BUSINESS IN WEST AFRICA

18
Sep

Aquaculture connotes the cultivation of freshwater and saltwater populations (especially fish) under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with artisanal fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish (online dictionary, 2014). Unlike harvesting from the wild, aquaculture requires deliberate human involvement in the life and care of the fish which is expected to result in yields that exceed those from the natural environment. Such interventions will include: stocking water (fingerlings or juveniles), fertilizing the water, feeding the fish, maintaining the water quality and other things as the case may be. Whereas this paper essentially focuses on promoting fish farming, however, the definition of aquaculture portends also that aqua farming involves the production of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. This implies that aquaculture is not limited to fish production. In some economies, other aquatic organisms are also being cultured or cultivated for economic purposes. This paper believes that highlighting some of those other types of aquaculture can inform and motivate research into the potentials and opportunities in such areas for the benefit of the West African Region.